The ABCs of UVB

Why does my pet need an Ultraviolet light (UVB)?

  • Vitamin D is an essential “fat-soluble vitamin”, required by many vertebrate species. It helps the body metabolize and absorb calcium
  • Protective against various disease conditions like Metabolic Bone Disease, Dental Disease
  • Can also contribute to reproductive success of many egg-laying animals
  • UVB synthesizes vitamin D3
  • Windows, glass or acrylic materials absorb or obstruct UVB radiation
  • Exotic pets need appropriate access to vitamin D through the diet, ultraviolet (UVB) exposure, or a combination of both
  • While time spent in natural sunlight is wonderful, it is not always possible. Specialized lights give those good rays no matter what the weather

Who needs UVB?

  • Most indoor pets
  • Rabbits
  • Guinea Pigs
  • Chinchillas
  • Rats
  • Pet birds, chickens
  • Most reptiles except Ball Pythons


  • Distance from light to pet is important
  • Start ~ 3 feet, then move to ~2 feet in 30 days
  • Monitor for unusual behaviors, squinting of eyes may indicate damage

Change your bulb yearly or test bulb with a UVB meter

Exotic Vet Care Circle

About Us

Our exotic animal hospital is dedicated exclusively to the care of birds, exotic small mammals, reptiles, and even fish! We can offer everything your pet needs for a healthy and happy life, from wellness care and grooming to diagnostics and dentistry, but we can also provide emergency care during our opening hours, along with more specialized treatment for referred patients.